Muscat wine or simply muscat is a wine extracted from grapes known as Vitis Apiana in antiquity: it is a white vine variety, although there is also a rarer red variety.
It is used as a table grape or raisin and to make mostly sweet and mistel wines.
The grapes are spherical, amber in color and medium and compact, large, thick-skinned, with a tendency to wilt quickly. It needs an important contribution of heat for its maturation, for that reason its connection with the sun. The vicinity of the sea provides the necessary degree of humidity to obtain optimal vegetation and being considered a variety of medium vigor is easily adaptable to stony soils.
It has outstanding floral aromas of apricot grapes, grapefruit and exotic fruits.
Research on the identification of modern grape varieties and their correlation with ancient varieties suggests that muscat may be one of the oldest varieties in the Mediterranean. In the Mediterranean area of the Iberian Peninsula, the cultivation of grapes to produce wine was promoted by the Phoenician and Greek colonization, probably from the native wild varieties. The current Moscatel d’Alexandria or Roman muscatel, would be the closest variety to the Vitis Apiana, so called in Roman times because its sweetness attracted bees (apiae in Latin). It is currently considered an ancient vine, that is, a variety not genetically modified, as its cultivation since ancient times as a fruit for human consumption (grapes and raisins) has been maintained during late antiquity, the Muslim era, medieval and modern times.